Download and Share This Infographic image icon. Source: CDC. But trends varied for different groups of gay and bisexual men. It is important for gay and bisexual men to know their HIV status so they can take medicine to treat HIV if they have the virus. Taking HIV medicine every day can make the viral load undetectable. People who get and keep an undetectable viral load or stay virally suppressed can live a long and healthy life.
1 in 5 gay, bisexual men in U.S. cities has HIV
Why HIV Spreads Less Easily In Heterosexual Couples : Goats and Soda : NPR
Since reports of the human immunodeficiency virus HIV began to emerge in the United States in the s, the HIV epidemic has frequently been linked to gay , bisexual , and other men who have sex with men MSM by epidemiologists and medical professionals. The first official report on the virus was published by the Center for Disease Control CDC on June 5, and detailed the cases of five young gay men who were hospitalized with serious infections. It is now well understood that HIV does not only affect the gay community but can also infect anybody, regardless of sex, ethnicity, or sexual orientation. Men who have sex with men abbreviated as MSM , also known as males who have sex with males are male persons who engage in sexual activity with members of the same sex, regardless of how they personally identify themselves.
HIV and Gay and Bisexual Men
Differences in sexual behaviours do not fully explain why the US HIV epidemic affects gay men so much more than straight men and women, claims research published ahead of print in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. In , over half of new HIV infections diagnosed in the US were among gay men, and up to one in five gay men living in cities is thought to be HIV positive. Yet two large population surveys showed that most gay men had similar numbers of unprotected sexual partners per year as straight men and women. US researchers applied a series of carefully calculated equations in different scenarios to study the rate at which HIV infection has spread among gay men and straight men and women. They used figures taken from two national surveys to estimate how many sex partners gay men and straight men and women have, and what proportion of gay men have insertive or receptive anal sex, or both.
And the number of men who have sex with men living undiagnosed with HIV has halved between and , to 3, Prep is currently freely available for high-risk patients in Scotland and Wales, but many in England have had to wait until they can gain access to an impact trial that first began in September And as of October , at least 15 people in England have tested HIV positive while waiting for a place on the trial. Phil Samba, of advocacy group Prepster , told BBC News that while the new data was incredibly promising, the lack of commitment from the government to making Prep widely available in England remained troubling.