In sociology, counterculture is a term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day, the cultural equivalent of political opposition. This was a neologism from attributed to Theodore Roszak. A counterculture movement thus expresses the ethos, aspirations and dreams of a specific population during a certain period of time — a social manifestation of zeitgeist. Countercultural milieux in 19th century Europe included the traditions of Romanticism , Bohemianism and of the Dandy. The term 'counterculture' came to prominence in the news media as it was used to refer to the youth rebellion that swept North America, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand during the s and early s.
Is same-sex marriage a subculture or counterculture? - Answers
Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures are subcultures and communities composed of people who have shared experiences, backgrounds, or interests due to common sexual or gender identities. Among the first to argue that members of sexual minorities can also constitute cultural minorities were Adolf Brand , Magnus Hirschfeld , and Leontine Sagan in Germany. Not all persons of various gender and sexual orientations identify or affiliate with a particular subculture. Reasons include geographic distance, unawareness of the subculture's existence, fear of social stigma , or personal preference to remain unidentified with sexuality - or gender -based subcultures or communities. Some have suggested that the identities defined by the Western heterosexualized cultures are based on sexuality, have serious flaws, and often leave no space for the public to discuss these flaws of gender and sexuality. This leaves many rejecting these identities in large numbers, often while disowning their own sexual needs and possibly subjecting them to be classified under what they may consider misclassified sexual identities.
Is the LGBT Community a Subculture?
Counterculture also " counter-culture " is a sociological word used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group , or subculture , that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day,  the cultural equivalent of political opposition. This was a neologism from   attributed to Theodore Roszak. Although distinct countercultural undercurrents exist in many societies, here the term "counterculture" refers to a more significant, visible phenomenon that reaches critical mass and persists for a period of time.
A counterculture is a culture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, sometimes diametrically opposed to mainstream cultural mores. When oppositional forces reach critical mass , countercultures can trigger dramatic cultural changes. Prominent examples of countercultures in the Western world include the Levellers — ,  Bohemianism — , the Non-conformists of the s , the more fragmentary counterculture of the Beat Generation — , followed by the globalized counterculture of the s — , usually associated with the hippie subculture  as well as the diversified punk subculture of the s and s.